电梯安装必须使用特殊的施工工具安装

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=”false“Priority =”69“SemiHidden =”false“UnhideWhenUsed =”false“Name =”MediumGrid3Accent6“/ w:LsdExceptionLocked =”false“Priority = “70”SemiHidden =“false”UnhideWhenUsed =“false”Name =“DarkListAccent6”/ w:LsdExceptionLocked =“false”Priority =“71 SemiHidden =”false“UnhideWhenUsed =”false“Name =”ColorfulShadingAccent6“/ w:LsdExceptionLocked = “false”Priority =“72”SemiHidden =“false”UnhideWhenUsed =“false”Name =“ColorfulListAccent6”/ w:LsdExceptionLocked =“false”Priority =“73”SemiHidden =“false”UnhideWhenUsed =“false”Name =“ColorfulGridAccent6 “/ w:LsdExceptionLocked =”false“Priority =”19“SemiHidden =”false“UnhideWhenUsed =”false“QFormat =”true“Name =”SubtleEmphasis“/ w:LsdExceptionLocked =”false“Priority =”21“SemiHidden =”假” UnhideWhenUsed =”假” QFormat =”真” NAME =” IntenseEmphasis” / W :LsdExceptionLocked =“false”Priority =“31”SemiHidden =“false”UnhideWhenUsed =“false”QFormat =“true”Name =“SubtleReference”/ w:LsdExceptionLocked =“false”Priority =“32”SemiHidden =“false”UnhideWhenUsed =“false”QFormat =“true”Name =“IntenseReference”/ w:LsdExceptionLocked =“false”Priority =“33”SemiHidden =“false”UnhideWhenUsed =“fals e”QFormat =“true”Name =“BookTitle”// * StyleDefinitions * / table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:普通表,mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0,mso-tstyle-colband-size:0,mso-style-noshow:是的,mso-style-priority :99,mso-style-parent:“”,mso-padding-alt:0cm5.4pt0cm5.4pt,mso-para-margin:0cm,mso-para-Margin-bottom:.0001pt,mso-pagination:widow-orphan ,font-size:10.5pt,mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt,font-family:“Calibri”,“sans-serif”,mso-ascii -font-family:Calibri,mso-ascii-theme-font :minor-latin,mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri,mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin,mso-bidi-font-family:“TimesNewRoman”,ms o-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi,mso-font-kerning:1.0pt,} palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char- Indent-count :2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“去年,电梯安全事故发生后发生在北京,上海,广州等地,有频繁报道全国各地的电梯事故。电梯事故引起了国家有关部门的重视,比这些电梯事故更严重的安全隐患应得到有关部门的高度重视。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”目前,为了降低建设成本,只考虑他们的直接利益,一些单位和个人推广所谓的电梯ldquo,自导式安装方法。该方法采用客户原有的新电梯作为电梯安装施工的工作平台,非法安装危害人民生命财产安全的非法电梯设施。在这种方法中有几种非法使用原电梯:1暂时将客户的新车设备装入电梯安装施工平台,并将2条新的电梯操作牵引绳作为临时施工的上下提升电缆, 3由于电梯安装程序相反,应安装在井道底部的配重暂时悬挂在井顶上。道路高空,对建筑物的安全构成潜在威胁工作人员。 4客户电梯的牵引机早期固定在机房内,暂时用作起吊和运行设备。制造商生产的原始产品在运输和安装过程中不允许损坏。安装电梯时,电梯产品必须安全无缺。这是每个安装单元必须遵循的标准和道德标准。这种结构不仅对用户和制造商不负责任,而且还颠倒了电梯安装和施工的程序,存在严重的危害和安全隐患。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”1。正确的电梯安装程序palign =“left”style =“ text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“电梯安装必须具有正确合理的安装和施工程序。原则是安装必须是标准施工,不能残酷施工。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”电梯安装原则上分为三个阶段。第一阶段是安装在电梯竖井中的电梯基础工程。该阶段的工作包括从电梯竖井中电梯竖井的顶部到底部拆除电梯井的残留壁,用大量预埋钢筋和残留石块测量井道的垂直度,并设置采样管,电梯导轨的膨胀螺栓孔和固定支架孔。升降轨道被拉直,调整,用螺栓固定,内支架和外支架焊接固定,电梯厅门槛,门框冲孔和定位,管道等。由于项目的第一阶段是基础项目,此阶段最重要的工作是安装支架和导轨。安装质量直接影响整个电梯的运行质量。基础工程工作量的第一阶段约占电梯总安装工作的80%。在井道基础工程设施建成后,必须对井道内电梯基础工程的安装质量进行中间验收,并在通过检查后进行第二阶段的安装。第二阶段是将电梯设备安装到位。这个阶段的工作包括安装曳引机,控制面板,底部配重和机房内的缓冲器,顶部车架和安全装置的安装,汽车的装配,安装牵引线,控制线和电器。安装,平衡链,限速器安装,接线和减速。注意这个phase:首先,电梯轿厢龙门架必须安装在最高水平井道的校准主轨道上。主导轨安装到位后,可以安装机房内的曳引机。这是电梯安装技术中最重要的要点和要求。其次,从汽车顶轮rarr,机房牵引轮rarr,导轮rarr,配重装置上的顶轮,它们之间的垂直度是否正确,取决于四个轮子是否在垂直线上。电梯轿厢的顶轮用作整个电梯的参考点,并且必须放置在顶层,以确保参考点从汽车的顶轮反转并且牵引轮反转。由于这两点彼此接近,因此很容易确保其垂直性。 。悬挂垂直线后,将曳引机放在机房中,然后定位导轮和计数器顶轮。此操作的目的是确保这些点之间的精确垂直度使得它们位于同一垂直线上。然后安装牵引钢丝绳,使其具有与在井道中校准的轨道相同的垂直度。正确的安装方法可以保证电梯安装的整体垂直度,使电梯运行平稳,用户舒适,保证电梯设备本身的安全和用户的生命财产安全。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”第三阶段是调整测试。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”为什么电梯设备分三个阶段安装?安装电梯时,设备本身在施工过程中不得损坏。要拥有正确合理的安装规则,没有规则就没有规则。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”正确的电梯安装和施工程序是长期的实际工作。经过100多年的验证,总结和修改,科学合理,安全可靠。标准电梯的安装和施工过程必须符合国家电梯的安装和施工标准。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”2.ldquo,自导电梯安装方法的危险性=“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”(1)从施工过程中落下的沙子将导致钢丝绳并拖动导轮的异常磨损。在电梯竖井的第一级中,基本安装工作具有大量的轨道固定支架。当整个井道围墙要穿孔时,必须打孔,打孔,并安装厅门框架,这将产生大量残留的石块和沉积物。石块和沉积物将落在电梯轿厢的所有部分和电梯牵引钢丝绳槽中。在牵引钢丝绳槽中不会清理沉积物。此时,沉积物将降低牵引钢丝绳与牵引滑轮之间的摩擦表面的摩擦系数,这可能导致牵引钢丝绳在牵引滑轮上滑动。在使用过程中,它可能会掉落并引起重大安全事故,并导致牵引钢丝绳和牵引滑轮的异常磨损。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”(2)碎石,沙子等会被损坏导轨和导靴。大量受影响的砾石和沉积物在涂油导轨和汽车的四个导靴上被污染。在连续运转过程中,原有的导轨和导靴会相互磨损严重,严重损坏导轨的表层。使用4个导靴,导轨表面上的大量划痕被破坏,这破坏了导轨表面的原始精度,并且在电梯运行期间引起诸如尖叫的异常噪声。导靴仍可更换,b导轨无法更换。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”(3)焊接过程会烧坏或烧蚀钢丝绳。固定导轨的大量支架需要焊接并固定在安装现场。焊接的导轨支架会产生火花。牵引钢丝绳上的飞溅会烧坏牵引钢丝绳,容易造成多根断丝,在正常使用过程中会造成严重的安全隐患。 。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”(4)施工过程将导致电梯的安全速度限制器和安全装置失灵。电梯中的安全限速器和安全装置是安全保护装置中最关键的部件。他们负责保护整个电梯上人们的生命和财产安全。一旦出现问题,它将导致致命事件。电梯限速器和安全钳的位置由主导向支架焊接,距离孔的距离最近。焊接过程中产生的火花和铁水容易烧坏限速器的钢丝绳,在施工过程中不易发现,但当电梯正常运行时,钢丝绳上会出现多根断线。燃烧的限速器,可能导致绳索断裂或瞬时制动失败。安全夹的齿面距离导轨侧面仅约2mm。落砂的影响不断被填充并填充空隙。安全夹中的齿不能咬在导轨上。一旦电梯掉落,安全钳必须是故障将导致重大安全事故。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”(5)施工完成后的清洁工作将导致工作线绳索损坏。由于安装和施工过程的相反,电梯轿厢首先在第一阶段组装在井道的底部,并且配重从顶层悬挂。原车用作施工工作平台,直到施工到达顶部。然后,当沿着已安装的主轨道向下运行时,清理从顶部到底部留在井道壁中的较粗糙的预埋钢头和残留石块。他们的清洗方法是使用乙炔氧气风切割或电焊从顶部烧掉。烧焦的铁水和钢筋从数百米的高度不断溅起。从一百米的高度坠落的钢筋和铁水将对已安装在井道中的设备造成严重损坏,无论其落在何处。当汽车处于高位时,配重装置必须位于下方,从机房到汽车,从汽车到配重,从配重到机房,工作钢丝绳各6-9个。行。 4排,20-30件像一个100米长的钢丝网悬挂在井道的后侧和左侧和右侧,这种结构违背了施工过程,很难保证它不会伤到工作钢丝绳。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”这种非法的电梯安装方法不仅留下了严重的安全隐患也违反了GB7588,GB10058,GB10060和GB19155-2003等国家标准的硬性要求。 Palign =“left”style =“text-align:left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0”class =“MsoNoSpacing”3.Conclusion palign =“left”style =“text-align :left,text-indent:21.0pt,mso-char-indent-count:2.0“class =”MsoNoSpacing“总之,有些电梯安装和施工单位推广”,电梯自导式安装方法颠倒了安装和施工程序伪造正确,科学合理的施工技术,这种违反大局,伤害他人和自身利益的行为将严重损害人民的生命财产,造成一系列安全隐患,应予以制止。 Palign =”左”的风格=” TEXT-align:left进行,TEXT-INDENT:21.0pt,MSO的字符缩进数:2.0” 级=” MsoNoSpacing”
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